Lucasian Professor of Mathematics

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The Lucasian Chair of Mathematics is a mathematics professorship in the University of Cambridge, England; its holder is known as the Lucasian Professor. The post was founded in 1663 by Henry Lucas
who was Cambridge University's Member of Parliament from 1639–1640; and it was officially established by King Charles II on 18 January 1664. It was described by The Daily Telegraph as one of the most prestigious academic posts in the world[1] and its former holders include Isaac NewtonJoseph LarmorCharles BabbageGeorge StokesPaul Dirac and Stephen Hawking.
The current and 19th Lucasian Professor is Michael Cates*, succeeding Michael Green now retired, starting from 1 July 2015.[3] The previous holder of the post was the theoretical physicist 
Michael Green who was a fellow in Clare Hall at the University of Cambridge. He was appointed in October 2009,[4] succeeding Stephen Hawking, who himself retired in September 2009, in the year of his 67th birthday, as required by the University.[5] Hawking and Green now hold the position of Emeritus Lucasian Professor of Mathematics.

* His scientific work is varied, but focuses on 
the theory of soft matter, such as polymers, colloids, gels, liquid crystals, and granular material. A frequent goal is to create a mathematical model that predicts the stress in a flowing material as a functional of the flow history of that material. Such a mathematical model is called a constitutive equation. Recently he has worked on theories of active matter, particularly dense suspensions of self-propelled particles which can include motile bacteria. He is increasingly interested in fundamental field theories of active systems in which time-reversal symmetry (T-symmetry, and more generally CPT symmetry) is absent


Such theories are characterized by nonzero steady-state Entropy production. Another recent interest is the flow of shear-thickening suspensions such as dense solutions of corn-starch or custard powder in water; this work was presented in a recent public lecture.[3]

... непостижимой эффективностью математики в физике — это столь же непостижимая неэффективность математики в биологии ...

Арнольд, Владимир Игоревич

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