Facebook Revolution may refer to different revolutions and protests, which were coordinated using Facebook:
- 2009–2010 Iranian election protests, following the 2009 Iranian presidential election against the disputed victory of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
- 2011 Egyptian revolution, overthrowing President Hosni Mubarak
- 2011 Tunisian revolution, overthrowing President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
- Media curbs and usage of social networking sites in Kashmir, protests against the "Bloody Summer" of 2010
- Euromaidan Revolution in Ukraine, beginning in November 2013.
- Romanian presidential election, 2014, usage of Facebook by Romanian citizens for the presidential elections in November 2014
- Umbrella Revolution in Hong Kong, people changed their profile pictures to yellow ribbons to show support to the protest and shared information in the scene
Here's more background on our efforts to protect the integrity of elections:
After 2016, we found that the Russian IRA had set up a network of hundreds of fake accounts to spread divisive content and interfere in the US presidential election. We began investigating their activity globally and taking down their pages and accounts.
Since then, we have improved our techniques to prevent nation states from interfering in foreign elections, and we've built more advanced AI tools to remove fake accounts more generally. There have been a number of important elections since then where these new tools have been successfully deployed. For example:
In France, leading up to the presidential election in 2017, we found and took down 30,000 fake accounts.
In Germany, before the 2017 elections, we worked directly with the Federal Office for Information Security to learn from them about the threats they saw and to share information.
In the US Senate Alabama special election last year, we deployed new AI tools that proactively detected and removed fake accounts from Macedonia trying to spread misinformation.
We have also significantly increased our investment in security. We now have about 15,000 people working on security and content review. We'll have more than 20,000 by the end of this year.
These efforts have all made it harder for nation states to interfere in foreign elections. With today's update, we have now identified a large network the IRA is using to manipulate people in Russia itself. This is the next step towards removing them from Facebook entirely.
We've found the IRA has been using complex networks of fake accounts to deceive people. While we respect people and governments sharing political views on Facebook, we do not allow them to set up fake accounts to do this. When an organization does this repeatedly, we take down all of their pages, including ones that may not be fake themselves. The pages and accounts we took down today were removed because they were controlled by the IRA, not based on the content they shared.
This particular set of pages and accounts was used to target people in Russia and people speaking Russian in neighboring countries like Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan and Ukraine. In this case, some of the pages we removed belong to Russian news organizations that we determined were controlled by the IRA. About one million people followed at least one of their Facebook pages and about 500,000 followed at least one of their Instagram accounts. In the next few weeks, we'll release a tool so you can check if you liked or followed an IRA-controlled account.
Security isn't a problem you ever fully solve. Organizations like the IRA are sophisticated adversaries who are constantly evolving, but we'll keep improving our techniques to stay ahead -- especially when it comes to protecting the integrity of elections.