Gebenės lyga

Ivy League (liet. Gebenės lyga) - JAV rytinės pakrantės universitetų sporto lyga, laikoma elitine.


Лига плюща (англ. Ivy League) — ассоциация восьми частных американских университетов, расположенных в семи штатах на северо-востоке США. Это название происходит от побегов плюща, обвивающих старые здания в этих университетах. Считается, что члены лиги отличаются высоким качеством образования.

Лига плюща — это изначально спортивное объединение восьми частных институтов высшего образования, расположенных на северо-востоке США. Этот термин также часто используется в отношении этих восьми школ как единой группы. Он подразумевает исключительность в качестве образования, выборность при поступлении и принадлежность к социальной элите.

Университеты Лиги плюща (или просто «Плющи») постоянно находятся среди 15 лучших колледжей и университетов США по рейтингу журнала U.S. News and World Report. Так в 2010 году тройку лидеров среди лучших вузов США составили Гарвардский, Принстонский и Йельский университеты соответственно из Лиги плюща. Университеты Лиги также находятся среди самых богатых академических заведений мира, что позволяет им привлекать лучших студентов и преподавателей.

Американские университеты Лиги планируют открыть свои филиалы на территории Великобритании до конца текущего десятилетия.

The Ivy League is a collegiate athletic conference composed of sports teams from eight private institutions of higher education in the Northeastern United States. The conference name is also commonly used to refer to those eight schools as a group. The eight institutions are Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard University, Princeton University, the University of Pennsylvania, and Yale University.

A business writer, warning in 2001 against discriminatory hiring, presented a cautionary example of an attitude to avoid (the bracketed phrase is his):

We Ivy Leaguers [read: mostly white and Anglo] know that an Ivy League degree is a mark of the kind of person who is likely to succeed in this organization.

Aspects of Ivy stereotyping were illustrated during the 1988 presidential election, when George H. W. Bush (Yale '48) derided Michael Dukakis (graduate of Harvard Law School) for having "foreign-policy views born in Harvard Yard's boutique." New York Times columnist Maureen Dowd asked "Wasn't this a case of the pot calling the kettle elite?" Bush explained however that, unlike Harvard, Yale's reputation was "so diffuse, there isn't a symbol, I don't think, in the Yale situation, any symbolism in it.... Harvard boutique to me has the connotation of liberalism and elitism" and said Harvard in his remark was intended to represent "a philosophical enclave" and not a statement about class. Columnist Russell Baker opined that "Voters inclined to loathe and fear elite Ivy League schools rarely make fine distinctions between Yale and Harvard. All they know is that both are full of rich, fancy, stuck-up and possibly dangerous intellectuals who never sit down to supper in their undershirt no matter how hot the weather gets." Still, the last four presidents have all attended Ivy League schools for at least part of their education—George H.W. Bush (Yale undergrad), Bill Clinton (Yale Law School), George W. Bush (Yale undergrad, Harvard Business School), and Barack Obama (Columbia undergrad, Harvard Law School).

The ultra-wealthy have also played a major role in establishing other important international institutions such as the United Nations, the IMF, the World Bank and the WTO. In fact, the land for the United Nations headquarters in New York City was purchased and donated by John D. Rockefeller.

The international bankers are "internationalists" and they are very proud of that fact.

The elite also dominate the education system in the United States. Over the years, the Rockefeller Foundation and other elitist organizations have poured massive amounts of money into Ivy League schools. Today, Ivy League schools are considered to be the standard against which all other colleges and universities in America are measured, and the last four U.S. presidents were educated at Ivy League schools.

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