Reichsbanner des Heiligen Römischen Reiches12. Jh.– um 1350


Auf Rot das silberne Kreuz als Sturmfahne (vexillologische Darstellung eines Banners (Standarte) mit Wimpel)

Use of a white cross as a mark of  identification of the combined troops of the Old Swiss Confederacy is first attested in the Battle of Laupen (1339), where it was sewn on combatants' clothing as two stripes of textile, contrasting with the red St. George's cross

of Habsburg Austria, and with the St. Andrew's cross

used by Burgundy and Maximilian I.

Šventas Jurgi! 

Ar čia Tu?




Ja ja!

Use of the white cross as a military ensign (attached to the cantonal flags in the form of strips of linen) has been used in the Old Swiss Confederacy since the 14th century, but the modern design of a white cross suspended in a square red field was introduced only during the Napoleonic period, first used in 1800 during the Hundred Days by general Niklaus Franz von Bachmann, and was introduced as official national flag in 1889.

Swiss mercenaries brought home funds from their contracts that helped Swiss banks begin. Banking began in the eighteenth century by way of the riches of merchants. Wegelin & Co., established in 1741, was the oldest bank in Switzerland until it restructured into a new legal entity in 2013. Hentsch & Cie and Lombard Odier were both founded in 1796 in Geneva as private banks, and Pictet and Cie was established in 1805 as a merchant bank. Hentsch & Cie was a founding member of the Swiss National bank during 1852.

The Swiss banks in Geneva and Zurich have served as safe havens for the wealth of dictators and despots, mobsters and arms dealers, corrupt officials and tax cheats of all kinds.



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