borrower - someone who receives something on the promise to return it or its equivalent
Su "ekvivalentu" tai čia "užlankstyta": kadangi pinigai pinga, reikia mokėti palūkanas.
Teisybė, ne visiems.
O pinigai dėl tų palūkanų ir pinga...
1. feodalizmo laikotarpiu – žemė (rečiau – pareigos, pinig. renta), senjoro duota vasalui naudotis iki gyvos galvos, vėliau – paveldėtinai;
2. mokestis, kurį vasalas mokėdavo senjorui už naudojimąsi lenu.
lènas2 [šved. län],
didžiausias Švedijos adm. terit. vienetas.
- land (n.)
- Old English land, lond,
"ground, soil," also "definite portion of the earth's surface, home
region of a person or a people, territory marked by political
boundaries," from Proto-Germanic *landom (cf. Old Norse, Old Frisian Dutch, German, Gothic land), from PIE *lendh- "land, heath" (cf. Old Irish land, Middle Welsh llan "an open space," Welsh llan "enclosure, church," Breton lann "heath," source of French lande; Old Church Slavonic ledina "waste land, heath," Czech lada "fallow land").
Etymological evidence and Gothic use indicates the original sense was "a definite portion of the earth's surface owned by an individual or home of a nation." Meaning early extended to "solid surface of the earth," which had been the sense of the root of Modern English earth. Original sense of land in English is now mostly found under country. To take the lay of the land is a nautical expression. In the American English exclamation land's sakes (1846) land is a euphemism for Lord.
...tu skolinsi daugeliui tautų, bet nesiskolinsi pats, tu valdysi daug tautų, bet jos tavęs nevaldys.
- borrow (v.)
- Old English borgian "to lend, be surety for," from Proto-Germanic *borg "pledge" (cf. Old English borg "pledge, security, bail, debt," Old Norse borga "to become bail for, guarantee," Middle Dutch borghen "to protect, guarantee," Old High German boragen "to beware of," German borgen "to borrow; to lend"), from PIE *bhergh- "to hide, protect" (see bury).
Sense shifted in Old English to "borrow," apparently on the notion of
collateral deposited as security for something borrowed. Related: Borrowed; borrowing.
- borough (n.)
- Old English burg, burh "a dwelling or dwellings within a fortified enclosure," from Proto-Germanic *burgs "hill fort, fortress" (cf. Old Frisian burg "castle," Old Norse borg "wall, castle," Old High German burg, buruc "fortified place, citadel," German Burg "castle," Gothic baurgs "city"), from PIE *bhrgh "high," with derivatives referring to hills, hill forts, fortified elevations (cf. Old English beorg "hill," Welsh bera "stack, pyramid," Sanskrit bhrant-, Avestan brzant- "high," Greek Pergamos, name of the citadel of Troy).
In German and Old Norse, chiefly as "fortress, castle;" in Gothic, "town, civic community." Meaning shifted in Middle English from "fortress," to "fortified town," to simply "town" (especially one possessing municipal organization or sending representatives to Parliament). In U.S. (originally Pennsylvania, 1718) often an incorporated town; in Alaska, however, it is the equivalent of a county. The Scottish form is burgh. The Old English dative singular byrig survives in many place names as -bury.
- Birgeliai ten gyveno.
- Borrow Borrow žaidė.
Šitaip bus geriau?
Kaip ten buvo?
"Neither a borrower nor a lender be" [William Shakespeare Hamlet]
1777 m. saloje išsilaipino Džeimsas Kukas. Jis savo užrašuose salą pavadino Bola-Bola (tait. „naujagimis“), tačiau polineziečiai salą greičiausiai vadino Pora-Pora.